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Among the various teaching approaches, active methodologies stand out for promoting the student’s protagonism and being part of education in the post-pandemic society. This form of teaching implies a greater use of technologies and new ways of working, so that students can prepare themselves with new knowledge and skills.
Throughout this article, you will find out what active methodologies are and what their types are. Take the opportunity to also discover how they can be part of teaching. Good reading!
What you will find in this article:
What is active methodology and why is it important?
As the name implies, this model aims to place the student at the center of their training, in an active way. Unlike what was seen in the past, when the student was a recipient of knowledge and might not even understand it, now he also takes responsibility for his learning.
This means that, with active methodologies, the student receives a great incentive to learn more autonomously, stimulating the development of creativity and the construction of knowledge. For this, he is based on real situations in the world in which he lives.
In this way, training expands beyond theoretical knowledge, including development in other areas and also taking into account their role as a citizen. So he can:
- develop independence;
- build your critical thinking;
- learn to work collectively;
- be ethical and respect different people;
- be able to solve problems.
What are the active methodologies?
Now that you know the importance of active methodologies, it’s time to get to know your differentials. See below.
In problem-based learning, the teacher exposes a situation that must be resolved by the students using certain resources.
In this case, the teacher has the role of mediator, urging students to independently search for paths. In addition, you can also make observations so that students reflect on their actions in the context of the problem.
Much like problem-based learning, in project-based methodology students develop skills by literally “learning to do” certain processes, which result in the proposed project completed.
learning in teams
The focus of team learning is team learning. In other words, through a project or case study, students exchange information, seek solutions together and learn to work with different people, in order to reach the result.
Gamification is another type of methodology widely used in today’s world. With the availability of different software, access to digital channels within the classroom and interactive materials, there are many resources to promote learning.
In other words, the student is no longer tied to a plaster cast, but has access to audio and video content, in addition to using online search platforms and obtaining instant and accurate search results. With this, the possibility of engagement and understanding of concepts is also greater.
In this model, learning takes place in pairs. As well as in teams, students must answer questions together, being able to use technologies to perform the answers and monitor the results. In case the understanding has not been proven, the teacher can rearrange the pairs or explain the concepts better.
The inverted classroom model is very important in meaningful learning, being a format that complements active methodologies. The objective is that the student, independently, study certain subjects beforehand and bring their conclusions to the classroom, exchanging information with colleagues.
In this case, the classroom expands in terms of space for other environments, be it the library or the student’s own home. This is because, with the help of digital resources, the young person has the means to explore the proposed subject and can reflect on it before class. Thus, time at school is optimized, as the need to explain the content is avoided.
How to apply active methodologies in learning?
As you have seen, active methodologies can be used in different ways in order to promote student engagement and achieve more complete teaching. In this way, each educational phase can have its advantages. Check out some examples below.
In early childhood education, gamification is a good strategy to aid development. With it, it is possible to work on playful aspects that hold the child’s attention. Added to this, one can also use the concept of storytelling and other techniques to motivate learning.
in elementary school
In elementary school, when the student starts to deal with more complex concepts, learning through problems, in a team and inverted classroom are also good ways to propose an interest in different concepts.
These methodologies can also promote the exchange of knowledge among students and the use of technologies that are part of their daily lives.
in the new high school
In the New High School, the student will have a greater focus on the area of knowledge that he feels most aptitude for. Thus, the development of critical thinking, independence to seek knowledge and make connections will be fundamental for young people to build their learning.
In this sense, methodologies such as learning through projects are a way to encourage teamwork, develop creativity and seek solutions on certain issues that pertain to the chosen area. This helps the student to develop skills that will be used in the labor market in the not too distant future.
Another important concept that can be implemented is the inverted classroom. In this case, by preparing themselves in advance, students can explain the subject, debating opinions and reaching more solid conclusions, something that can increase their ability to internalize the content that will later be used in Enem and in the entrance exam.
The world has changed and so has education. What was practiced 20 years ago today may not make much sense for current generations. Thus, for digital native students, new forms of teaching, such as active methodologies, emerged to encourage their learning.
This form of teaching is also capable of stimulating the construction of knowledge and promoting the development of new skills. Thus, students can prepare themselves with solid knowledge for the future in the job market.
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