7 minutes to read
A few years ago, the educational process favored only the public that had no physical or intellectual limitations, but this reality has been changing, since it is the role of the school to guarantee an accessible education for all student profiles. In this context, we cannot fail to mention the importance of technology for inclusive education, which brings new possibilities for teaching for all people, regardless of their conditions.
Children and adolescents with disabilities need learning experiences that fit their needs, only in this way will they be able to achieve full development and reach their full potential as students. Therefore, it is essential that there is a change in the attitude of educators and in the resources used by the educational institution.
Do you want to know more about how technology can be a great ally to promote inclusive education? Check out, in this post, how it benefits the school and its students!
What you will find in this article:
What are the main challenges of inclusive education?
Since 2003, there is no more differentiation between special and regular schools. This is because, based on the guidelines of the bearer of special needs (PNE), it was determined that regular educational institutions should receive students with special needs. According to a survey by the National Institute of Educational Studies and Research Anísio Teixeira (Inep), the number of enrollments of students with some type of disability increased by 33.2% in Brazil between 2014 and 2018, which also brought new challenges to the school community generally.
Many schools are not yet prepared to receive this public adequately, both with regard to their physical structure and the learning processes themselves. See what are the main difficulties for special education.
The physical space of schools is one of the main obstacles for the access of special students, since the adaptations, such as the construction of ramps, adjustments in bathrooms, elevators and rooms, require time and financial investment by the principals. However, the implementation of these measures is crucial for the special students to feel welcomed and accepted, as well as the others.
Teachers and staff without specialized training
Undoubtedly, one of the essential points in the implementation of special education is having teachers and staff with specific training to deal with children and adolescents with disabilities. With a well-prepared team, the school finds it easier to integrate the student into the school environment and ensures that their demands are properly attended to.
However, there are educational institutions that do not fulfill this requirement, which is due to the fact that they do not invest in the continuing education of their educators and collaborators. This process is essential for teachers to update and accumulate knowledge, and be able to build experiences in practice.
Lack of technology
The use of technology in schools has become imperative in order to keep up with the digital transformation and the characteristics of the new generation of young people. But there is no point in just making modern tools available at school, it is necessary to ensure that they can also be used by students with disabilities.
Through assistive technology, such as programs that help in communication, inclusion gains efficiency and helps to explore the full potential of students, in view of allowing everyone to access the same resources and, therefore, participate in classes equally.
How does technology improve inclusive education?
Mistakenly, many people still believe that technology is harmful to students and can cause a lack of concentration, among other harms. In fact, when used excessively and without monitoring, technological tools become dangerous to the health of young people, but when they are part of a teaching plan, they are able to enhance learning.
In addition, the technological elements are extremely beneficial for students who have physical or intellectual limitations, since they bring autonomy for them to perform their activities. Follow these and other benefits of technology for inclusive education.
Stimulates communication between students
The various devices and digital platforms expand the possibilities of communication. Through them, students can dialogue, exchange ideas and experiences on the topics taught, which allows greater interaction and integration between the class and, consequently, improves the assimilation of content.
Promotes differentiated learning
Working on different skills and competences, such as logical reasoning, social interaction and empathy during classes is substantial for the complete development of the student. However, in the traditional classroom, these issues are often neglected, as technological methodologies usually prioritize these points, contributing to the student’s growth.
Works with respect and acceptance for diversity
It is necessary to keep in mind that each person has unique needs and that is why it is normal that they do not learn at the same pace. Using mechanisms that force learning at the same level and at the same time is an inefficient strategy, which harms students, especially those who have specific limitations.
In this sense, inclusive education based on technology allows students to determine their own learning pace. In addition, it is worth mentioning that inside a classroom there are different types of intelligence, because while some students learn better through listening, others absorb the content with practical activities. Currently, there are many educational technologies that combine these factors – an aspect that favors respect and acceptance for diversity.
Encourages student protagonism
The conventional class format, in which the teacher is solely responsible for the transmission of knowledge, makes him assume an unattainable and even undemocratic position. In turn, the adoption of methodologies that use technology makes learning more horizontal and encourages student participation, since everyone is free to share their impressions about the discipline and the educator starts to act as a mediator of the learning process.
What technologies are helping with inclusion in the classroom?
Generally, students with disabilities tend to concentrate more and improve their performance when they come into contact with resources that supply their needs and stimulate them in the appropriate way. In the technological universe, the school finds numerous alternatives that allow the awakening of multiple stimuli. Discover four useful tools for inclusive education.
Basically, Dosvox is a computer system that allows the visually impaired to use the ordinary computer to study, research and do work independently. The student can control the machine by means of speech synthesis, without having to ask the help of third parties to carry out his activities.
2. Player Rybná
It is a platform aimed at people with motor, visual, hearing impairments or who have difficulty reading. This is possible because the tool converts all types of articles and documents written in Portuguese to Libras and reads the text out loud.
3. Classic Tobii Gaze Interaction Software
It is an application that can be accessed by eye movement, with the purpose of facilitating the lives of students who have severe motor disabilities. It works from an eye tracker, which gives full access to the computer, eliminating the need for a keyboard and mouse.
As you can see, the technology for inclusive education, the adequacy of the physical structure and the training of teachers make the school a more attractive and welcoming environment for students with special needs. By joining and putting into practice methodologies that are supported by technological resources, the educational institution ensures that everyone has the same learning opportunities.
Did you find this post interesting? Subscribe to our newsletter right now and receive exclusive content in your email!