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Technology is increasingly present in educational practices, contributing to the transformation of the traditional teaching model. Although the current generation has already been born in a technological world, many students still struggle to use digital resources in their learning processes. Thus, it is the school’s responsibility to work on digital literacy, which consists of educating on how to read, write and interpret digital texts, codes and signs.
It is understood that digital culture is directly related to the way of thinking, attitudes, values and the way in which meanings are conceived and shared on virtual media. In this context, applying digital literacy practices in different languages and genres, using the diversity of tools and platforms available, stimulates students’ understanding and production in the face of new technologies.
Want to know more? Check out, in this post, what digital literacy is and how to work in your school!
What you will find in this article:
What is digital literacy?
The term ‘literacy’ refers to the process of literacy, which decodes the linguistic code, making the individual acquire the ability to understand words and texts. With that, he understands the context of textual productions, knows when to use each genre and how to produce and interpret discourses.
Therefore, it can be said that literacy is nothing more than ‘‘ reading the world ’’, as it allows the student to understand the varied communicative situations that surround him. When it comes to digital literacy, we are talking about a person’s ability to understand reading and writing situations that occur within the technological context.
This concept promotes the development of knowledge, skills and behaviors linked to digital resources and socio-cultural practices, which improves the senses and reflections about humanity and the use of technology.
What are the goals of digital literacy?
Basically, digital literacy aims to teach a set of skills that enable students to understand what they read in the digital sphere. After all, reading in this environment differs from reading on paper, which interferes with the assimilation of content.
However, it is worth mentioning that this modality is not only about the ability to read and write on the screens of computers and cell phones, but also includes the use of related technological resources, such as filters, location and analysis.
In short, this learning process is similar to teaching a new language, since the way information is made available on the internet is quite different from what happens in a book, for example. The digital language presents verbal and non-verbal codes, such as words, images, drawings and other symbols.
How to apply digital literacy at school?
The implementation of digital literacy in the school curriculum is proposed by the Innovation Center for Brazilian Education (CIEB) and must follow the guidelines of the National Common Curricular Base (BNCC). She works on activities that aim to contemplate the use of digital tools and develop the skills and competences necessary to interact with the digital environment. See below how to apply digital literacy.
Observe which media are most used by students
The first step is to do an initial survey to see what the students’ preferences are regarding the media they access. This answer allows you to create a personalized methodology, which takes into account the students’ prior knowledge when working with interactivity and belonging to tasks performed in the classroom – which generates more engagement.
Have clear goals
What will be taught in the classroom should be thought out carefully, in order to ensure the participation and awareness of all groups of students. Therefore, create a plan with clear objectives, such as talking about ethics, media and digital languages and technological appropriation, keeping in mind that all these issues are part of learning.
Encourage critical thinking
Every day, children and adolescents access a huge amount of information on the internet, which can result in the expansion of their knowledge or their lack of information. It is essential to propose activities that encourage critical thinking so that young people have the insight to identify and understand which content is useful for their training as a student and individual and which are harmful, such as fake news.
Design activities that encourage creativity
When giving space for creativity with tasks where students can contribute their knowledge and opinions, the tendency is for them to develop a sense of belonging.
An interesting option is to bring the culture of the remix to the classroom, in which something new is created from something that already exists, be it a song or a text. This opens space for discussions about changes in discourses and interpretations according to the transformation of the content.
Count on an adequate infrastructure
The activities developed in the digital literacy process require an adequate infrastructure, which implies the availability of a laboratory with computers with internet connection and other tools that provide access to the digital environment.
Encourage collective production
Sharing information and experiences is very important rich to enrich students’ knowledge. Therefore, it is highly recommended to encourage collective production, which allows a student to learn from one another. In addition, productions can be presented and discussed at cultural fairs and workshops.
What are the advantages of applying this concept?
The transformations that society and the labor market undergo as a result of the advancement of technology require that individuals master multiple skills. And this is one of the main advantages of digital literacy, as it encourages multidisciplinarity and cooperation between different areas of knowledge. In this way, young people are prepared to deal with situations that require this skill in their personal and professional lives.
By participating in collective activities, having the opportunity to expose their ideas and learn to interact and interpret digital content, students improve their communication skills, making it easier to establish good interpersonal relationships, which is essential for their growth Social.
Even being born in the middle of the technology era and using digital media daily, it is common to see people who do not know how to use these tools in a more complex way. By going through digital literacy, the student gains autonomy, knowing how to enjoy the benefits offered by these resources.
As can be seen, digital literacy contributes to the adaptation of children and adolescents to modernity, forming individuals duly trained to interact with digital tools in all areas of their lives and with a critical sense of how to use technology to their advantage.
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