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To better meet the new needs and demands of young people and enable them to prepare better for the future, the high school curriculum has undergone changes. The main one is the possibility of directing studies to the students’ areas of interest. Therefore, it is important to understand how the New High School works and the areas of knowledge covered.
Adopting this new format can be challenging for coordinators and teachers. After all, in addition to transforming the curriculum itself, they need to understand how to help students deal with the changes and make the best use of new possibilities.
Therefore, we prepared this article for you to understand what the changes were in High School and what is the role of educators in different areas of knowledge. Follow up!
What changed in high school?
The New High School brought changes both in the workload and in the structure of student education at this stage, which should be fully implemented by 2022. The workload was expanded and the curriculum became more flexible.
The objective of the new proposal is to promote quality education to all students, so that they are really prepared to face the new challenges and demands of the labor market and society.
Thus, it is planned to offer training itineraries, covering major areas of knowledge — Languages and its Technologies, Mathematics and its Technologies, Applied Human and Social Sciences, Natural Sciences and its Technologies — and technical and professional training (FTP) .
In this structure, students have the autonomy to choose one or two areas, including or not FTP, to further their studies, in addition to studying the general contents guided by the Common National Curriculum Base (BNCC). Consequently, young people will be able to leave high school with technical or professional training if they so wish.
Furthermore, training itineraries can include much more than traditional disciplines such as workshops, projects and work situations. Thus, training becomes broader and more in line with the students’ reality.
How to help young people choose between areas of knowledge in New High School?
For students to know all the possibilities of the New High School and make their choices responsibly and consciously, it is essential that teachers and coordinators offer support and guidance. Here are some tips on how to do this at your school.
Talk to each student individually
The new curriculum is based on two key concepts: diversity and protagonism. In other words, it is designed to serve young people with different profiles. Thus, it is necessary that the orientation is done individually, considering the characteristics and interests of each student and allowing them to make their own decisions.
Therefore, it is essential to listen to each one of them, clarify doubts and understand their interests, competences and aspirations for the future. Thus, you will be able to guide them, showing their possibilities and helping them to discover what is most suitable for each profile, so that they can achieve their goals in life.
The ideal choice is aligned with the student’s profile. In addition, it must allow the young person to develop the skills and competences necessary in the field of knowledge in which he wants to deepen.
Thus, it is essential to analyze the skills of students, noting which of them stand out and which can be improved following the training itineraries offered at the school. This can be done from performance analyses, for example.
However, this analysis must also be made considering the students’ perception of their own abilities and competences. After all, this can be used as a way to encourage them to develop more autonomy to make future decisions, develop more self-awareness and have a greater sense of responsibility for their own future.
Explain each knowledge area
As much as young people already have an idea about the differences between areas of knowledge, it is very important to explain each one of them. The more information young people have, the more likely they are to choose an area that leaves them satisfied and motivated.
For this, explain clearly the subjects that are part of each itinerary, as well as the activities proposed at the school and the possibilities of professional performance related to each one. In addition, show how the workload of general training, mandatory for all high school students, and specific training will be distributed.
Encourage the student to get to know each area
Although it is essential to analyze and guide each student, students also need to take an active role in choosing and seeking to learn more about the areas of knowledge.
Going beyond the information transmitted by coordinators and teachers, they are able to discover all the details that may be pertinent and make a difference when making a decision. Therefore, encourage them to look for other sources of information so that they can make a better informed and correct decision.
Become aware of the importance of preparation
Another relevant action is to make students aware of the importance of preparing for this new stage. In addition to the choice having a great impact on professional and academic future, studies will also take more time than previous cycles, requiring more effort and planning on the part of students.
Involve the family in the process
High School is a decisive and challenging stage in the life of any young person. With that in mind, it is important to allow students’ families to understand the changes in the curriculum and how they will affect their future.
Therefore, talk to those responsible and clarify your doubts, showing how the students’ routine will be during this stage, the importance of making a conscious choice and helping them to understand their role in the decision process. Thus, they will be able to provide the necessary support for their children to decide which routes to follow.
In addition to following these tips, teachers and coordinators can find resources that help them in their mission to guide students in relation to the New High School and areas of knowledge. Plataforma Eleva, for example, already provides support tools to better understand the new curriculum and implement it in your school.
Learn about the Eleva Platform proposal for the New High School and access some exclusive resources to help your school and your students adapt to this curriculum!