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Making the school more attractive and appropriate to the reality of young people is an indispensable factor in engaging them in their own learning journey. Based on this, the federal government approved Law 13.415 / 17, which provides for the restructuring of the New High School by 2022. In this context, understanding what electives are is essential to guide and guide students, since they are part of the project proposed.
Now, in addition to taking the traditional disciplines relevant to this segment, the student also has access to electives, which are chosen according to their interest. To make this decision responsibly, you need to be aware of the new format and have the support of educators.
Want to know more? Check below how electives work!
What you will find in this article:
What are electives?
According to the guidelines of the New High School, 60% of the curriculum of the three years of formation is determined by the National Common Curricular Base (BNCC). The 40%, on the other hand, make up the flexible form of the proposal and contemplate the elective subjects, that is, which can be chosen by the student, and can be turned to technical and professional training.
Among the areas of knowledge that the student can select are Languages (Portuguese, English, Physical Education and Arts), Human and Social Sciences (Geography, Philosophy, History and Sociology), Natural Sciences (Chemistry, Physics and Biology) and Technical Training . It is worth mentioning that the law defines that the subjects of Portuguese, English and Mathematics are the only compulsory subjects in all years of high school.
Many schools are facing elective courses now, but there are several educational institutions that already offered this possibility. The implementation aims to increase the autonomy, engagement and protagonism of the students, since they start to conduct their learning process.
In addition, the novelty also contributes to diversify school experiences, opening space for young people to deepen in the areas of knowledge that most interest them, develop interdisciplinary projects and improve verbal, body, graphic, mathematical and plastic languages.
What is the difference between elective and elective courses?
It is important to make it clear that despite being similar, elective courses have characteristics that differentiate them from elective courses. Being aware of these differences is essential to build an adequate planning that meets the needs of students.
Optional subjects are offered by educational institutions in order to expand the knowledge and training of the student, who has the opportunity to choose which subject he wants to take, but is not obliged to complete it.
In turn, elective courses are characterized by the fact that the student can also choose which subject he wants to study, but is obliged to fulfill a previously stipulated workload to graduate.
How to help students choose good electives?
One of the main concerns of schools and those responsible for the autonomy given to students to select the areas they want to study is whether they will have responsibility and wisdom to make conscious decisions that really contribute to their academic and professional future. See what are the best practices for conducting this process in your educational institution.
Provide educators to guide student choice
The first step to be taken is to prepare and make educators available to support students in making a safe decision. The teacher must help the young person to identify what his interests, talents and competences are, and from there to present the knowledge areas related to his profile, in addition to clarifying how each training itinerary is and works.
Create times and spaces to talk about electives
Information is an important ally for working on elective courses at school. After all, the more students are informed, the more grounding they will have to analyze the available disciplines and, thus, define which ones fit their life goals.
With that in mind, it is recommended to provide times and spaces for the subject to be discussed, in which the student has access to detailed information and talks to experts. For that, it is possible to offer lectures, seminars and even fairs to expose the elective materials.
How to create electives?
The choice of electives that the student will be able to choose from is defined by the school. Therefore, it is necessary to take some precautions to build proposals that are in accordance with the reality of adolescents. Understand below how this can be done.
Consider your school’s Political Pedagogical Project
More than listening and guiding the student, it is also necessary for the educational institution to consider the objectives of its Political Pedagogical Project (PPP) and the context in which the students are inserted. In this way, it will be possible to propose options for disciplines that are in accordance with the profile of young people and generate engagement.
For this, the entire school team, including managers and teachers, must collaborate in the construction of the project, also helping in the structuring and planning of the contents that will be worked with the students. In general, it is indicated that the disciplines are based on five principles: scientific research, creative processes, entrepreneurship, mediation and socio-cultural intervention.
Invest in disciplines that use technological resources
Technology is often used in the educational environment to optimize the processes that are part of the school routine. However, the tendency is for it to overcome this barrier and be present in the activities and projects developed by the students, serving as a support to materialize their ideas.
In this sense, when creating elective courses, it is highly recommended to add technological tools and concepts in your planning that are present in the students’ lives, add practicality and encourage their creativity.
After understanding what electives are and how they can be offered in your school, it is possible to implement them properly and with more chances of adherence among students. The initiative encourages young people’s commitment to their studies, reducing dropout rates, and helps them improve skills that can be applied in the job market.
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