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Traditional teaching as it has been applied for decades has ceased to be attractive to Brazilian students, which leads millions of them to leave school before they even complete their learning cycle.
To combat this and other problems, the National Common Curricular Base (BNCC) proposed the creation of the New High School, which aims to increase the student’s role and, consequently, his school engagement.
According to the bill (nº 13.415 / 2017), the implementation of the New High School should start in 2021 and finish in 2022. Therefore, it is essential that educational institutions adapt to the proposal, in addition to adopting measures that encourage students to assume the autonomy of their studies in the best possible way.
Do you want to be successful in this process? Follow, in this post, what it is and how to work the protagonism of the student in your school!
What you will find in this article:
What are the changes proposed by the New High School?
In general, the New High School aims to bring more dynamism to the training of students, meeting the demands of today’s society, which includes the technical skills required by the job market.
Taking this into account, the flexibility of the curriculum was determined, which guarantees that 40% of the study load is defined by the student himself, who will have at his disposal the following training itineraries:
- Languages, Codes and Their Technologies;
- Mathematics and Its Technologies;
- Applied Human and Social Sciences;
- Natural Sciences;
- Technical and Professional Training.
It is worth mentioning that the school has an obligation to offer only one training itinerary, being free to add disciplinary trails related to the itineraries made available. The intention of the Ministry of Education (MEC) is to contribute to the integration between regular and technical education – so, while the student is studying, he will already be preparing for the job market.
Another novelty concerns technology and innovation, since 20% of classes can be taught in the distance learning mode (EAD), reaching up to 30% for the course taught at night.
Why is the student’s role one of the main points of the New High School?
The idea of the New High School is to make the student occupy the main role in the learning journey. In this project, he is no longer just the recipient of information and starts to build his knowledge in partnership with educators.
A more student-centered education helps to awaken your interests, increasing your engagement with classes. And this factor contributes to reduce school dropout and prepares the individual to better deal with the challenges of adulthood.
To this end, the proposal created the training itineraries, which are characterized as a set of disciplines, workshops, projects and study centers, which can be chosen by the student. Thus, he has the autonomy to decide what and when he wants to learn, conducting his learning process according to his needs.
However, the student will always be guided by the educational institution and educators who, together, will help him to make a responsible choice, providing an adequate environment and necessary tools for his training.
According to MEC, the new curricular organization was designed to understand the expectations of young people, allowing them to deepen their studies in the areas of knowledge with which they most identify and intend to pursue a career. In this context, the tendency is for students to feel encouraged to participate more in classes and stay in school.
How to stimulate the student’s role?
It is important to keep in mind that the student’s role is not limited to the possibility of choosing what he wants to study, as it also involves the way he acts and contributes to his development and that of the school community as a whole.
Therefore, it is important that the school encourages the student to truly occupy the role of protagonist. Check out the best tips for doing this in practice.
Make room for creativity
The role of students is directly linked to creativity, which is essential to develop critical and innovative thinking. By stimulating the creative side, students work on their natural curiosity about the world and things, as well as the ability to analyze situations, manage emotions and thoughts and make choices.
In this sense, it is necessary for the school to give students ways to share their ideas in classes and other events and to build solutions that are advantageous for everyone. In this way, they will have a greater sense of belonging and that they are relevant to the good functioning of the educational institution.
Good communication is essential for students to learn to position themselves in situations experienced in school routine and in life outside the classroom. Therefore, provide a favorable environment for dialogue, in which students understand the need to consider the other’s opinion and make group decisions.
In these circumstances, young people perceive the variety of perspectives that exist and improve their ability to analyze different points of view on a single subject. With this, the protagonist student starts to have a critical look at the themes taught by the teachers, being able to establish correlations with other subjects and, thus, form their own opinion, while respecting that of their colleagues.
Work responsible autonomy
It is not enough to just ask students to make their choices during the learning process – it is necessary to help them to follow this path in a conscious and responsible manner. To do this, offer the right tools for them to seek new knowledge, going beyond what is taught in class, for example.
In addition, instruct the young person to put on the scale all the pros and cons of a situation before reaching conclusions and making his decisions. Emphasize that each choice has consequences, which will have to be assumed by him, and that it is necessary to consider not only his present, but also his future.
What should be the teacher’s role in this change?
Since the protagonism of the student is the main objective of the school, the role of the teacher undergoes changes, as he ceases to be seen only as a source of knowledge transmission to also assume the role of facilitator and mediator of the learning process.
This means that the educator has the mission of guiding students, giving them freedom so that, together, they can decide in which direction to spend their learning efforts.
Generally speaking, protagonism does not mean that the student will be able to follow his individual wishes, without any kind of questioning or limit. This is because, more than stimulating the participation of the student in the school routine, the teacher will guide him to follow an intelligent purpose and adequate to his needs and life goals.
From the New High School onwards, the role of the student is understood as a collective construction, which will be applied at all times. In this way, students gain autonomy and become citizens widely prepared to deal with their social responsibilities and challenges faced during and after school training.
Do you want to prepare your school for the new teaching reality? See how to implement the New High School Life Project!