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Monitoring the student’s performance in the classroom is essential for the school to understand its evolution process and, thus, be able to offer opportunities for improvement. For this, the main instrument used is the school report, which provides an overview of the results of students both for the pedagogical team and for parents and guardians.
Each child and adolescent has their own developmental time. Through an individual look at the student, it is possible to identify their strengths and greatest difficulties. In this post, we’ll bring you everything you need to know about the Student Descriptive Report and how to put it into practice. Check out!
What you will find in this article:
What is the school report?
The school report is characterized as a document that demonstrates, from descriptive information, the student’s development journey within a certain period of time, which can be semiannual or annual, for example.
In many schools, the school report has been an alternative to replacing the traditional report card. This is because it has the same objective, but differs in that it has a more modern and adequate approach, since it is more detailed, offering a complete view of the evolution of each student.
In most elementary, middle and high schools, submission of this document is mandatory. It is prepared by the teacher and must contain the following data:
- cognitive issues that point to the observation and understanding of the student regarding their levels of development;
- possibilities for the student to develop and work on skills not yet acquired;
- student advances and achievements;
- needs and interventions identified and carried out during the teaching-learning process.
What is its importance for student learning?
In current education, the completion of the school report has a great impact on the assessment of student development and learning. While the old bulletin only shows numbers, the reports show details of learning, based on various aspects related to the student, such as creativity, social behaviors and problem solving, in addition to technical points that refer to subjects, as well as overall student performance.
The analysis of the document allows for personalized teaching from the identification of the points where the students need more attention and support. With this, teachers and pedagogues can create specific didactic strategies to address the student’s difficulty points.
A survey carried out by the International Student Assessment Program (Pisa) with 15-year-old adolescents in 70 countries revealed that students whose parents participate in their learning perform better, achieving an average of 414.08 points in science, per example.
Therefore, the report is important for those responsible to remain informed and participatory about the school life of the child or adolescent, helping them to develop not only in the classroom, but also in activities carried out at home.
What are the types of school reports?
First of all, it must be said that there is no single type of correct school report, given that there are several models, which are distinguished by the way they are put into practice. Know the main evaluation methods and how to carry them out.
Generally, traditional assessments, such as assignments and exams, are the most used by educational institutions when producing the school report. The application of these formats makes it possible to verify the student’s level of understanding on a given subject and, thus, quantify learning.
For this, it is necessary that teachers prepare tests or assignments that address the issues worked in the classroom, in a way that allows students to express their knowledge. It is important to respect the level of complexity of the activities previously worked on in class.
Listening to students is also a very functional way to keep track of their successes and difficulties. This is exactly what open discussions provide, as they give students the opportunity to speak openly what they think about the methods used to teach the subject’s contents, what they learned, what were the biggest challenges and what they believe could have been best.
In this case, the alternative is more suitable for teenagers, who find it easier to understand the purpose of the assessment. The teacher will be the mediator of the conversation, giving space for all students to talk about their experiences, in addition to individually recording the information provided by them.
The group meeting can also show collective aspects that the educator had not yet realized and encourage the class to give feedback pointing out which points should be reinforced in class. For best results, it is recommended that the process be repeated quarterly.
If the intention is to assess the behavior and social development of students, one of the best practices is group work, which shows the student’s capacity for interaction, responsibility, commitment and cooperation with peers.
The method is very simple: just separate the class into groups, guiding them on the type of work that should be developed, in what format and how it will be presented. During the presentation of the work, the teacher will be able to build the report based on the assessment of the collective and individual participation of students.
This is another option that is better suited to teenagers, who normally have a greater capacity for discernment, being able to make a self-assessment of their development on the contents taught. Here, the student has the chance to express their vision about their own learning.
The self-assessment can be done orally or in writing. Ideally, educators bring points that guide the student on how to self-evaluate, with items that should be considered in this process, so that they have a starting point for their reflection.
The school report is an activity of paramount importance in the routine of educators, as it allows for a better understanding of the development of each student — an indispensable factor that serves as a guide for improving planning and learning strategies applied in the classroom.
In this context, technology is a great ally of schools, as is the case of specific platforms for students, in which their daily tasks are recorded, in addition to performance in work and tests. Thus, teachers can access secure and detailed data on student performance, which contributes to the construction of more accurate reports.
Do you want to make more modern and efficient reports? See how the individual student report works in Plataforma Eleva!